Background: As a score of international studies in the last few years demonstrated patient and visitor violence is a worldwide increasing problem in all healthcare institutions. Design/Setting: In the course of this study a retrospective survey was conducted by means of a validated questionnaire, based upon the SOVES-G-R, beyond the employees of the university hospital for gynecology of the medical university Vienna, (MUW) at the general hospital, AKH Vienna, to examine retrospective their experience with violence in the past twelve months. Aim: In this retrospective study the frequency of patient and visitor violence at the university hospital for gynecology Vienna, the consequences for personnel and aggressor and the staffs interventions are investigated retroactively for the past 12 months. Besides it was examined how certain the employees feel in handling patient and visitor violence and if training is wanted. Furthermore, the conduct of documentation and report is investigated. Participants: Overall there have been distributed 335 questionnaires at all wards of the university hospital for gynecology Vienna. 140 were returned, which was up to a return rate of 41,8%employees of all wards of the university hospital for gynecology Vienna took part in this investigation. Results: 63,3% of all participants suffered from patient and/or visitor violence in the inquiry period of the past 12 months. 83,3% of all aggression incidents were verbal, 16,7% were of physical kind. The psychological strain is evaluated moderate (Means: 2,78 for verbal- and 2,18 physical violence) by most of the persons concerned. Relating to verbal and physical interventions against violent persons most of the staff felt not at all, little or abstemious certain. Therefore, more than two-thirds (68,9%) of the participants expressed their wish for training in dealing with violence. In these courses, to the mind of 78,5% of all participants, next to communicative techniques and identification of triggers of aggression, even interventions against stress and, up to the mind of 73,5% of all respondents, competences for indemnication of the own well-being and working up the aggressive situation should be taught. Underreporting is a huge problem. 58,5% of the staff concerned have not reported any incident of aggression against them and just 16,1% have at least reported the half of such incidents. Conclusions: Patient and visitor violence also applies to the personnel of the university hospital for gynecology in quite high degree. Therefore, contact points for staff concerned by aggression need to be established and provided trainings must be more advertised. According to assistant head of the “Opferschutzgruppe” at the AKH Vienna, Mrs. Sabine Eder, an official and central reporting office for incidents of aggression against staff is planned and must be established rapidly, so that colleagues concerned can give notice of violence efficiently.