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The topograpy of demyelination and neurodegeneration in the multiple sclerosis brain
Verfasser / VerfasserinLassmann, Hans ; Brueck, Wolfgang ; Pfeifenbring, Sabine ; Trattnig, Siegfried ; Grabner, Guenther ; Bagnato, Francesca ; Hoeftberger, Romana ; Hametner, Simon ; Zrzavy, Tobias ; Haider, Lukas
Erschienen in
Brain, Oxford, 2016, Jg. 139, S. 807-815
ErschienenOxford : Oxford University Press, 2016
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)multiple sclerosis / demyelination / neurodegeneration / cerebral veins / cerebral arteries / cortical demyelination / autoimmune encephalomyelitis / meningeal inflammation / lesions / pathology / matter / hypoxia / disease / deficits / damage
Projekt-/ReportnummerI 2114-B27
ISSN0006-8950
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubmuw:3-1961 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1093/brain/awv398 
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The topograpy of demyelination and neurodegeneration in the multiple sclerosis brain [0.86 mb]
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Multiple sclerosis is characterized by widespread primary demyelination and progressive degeneration, driven by heterogeneous mechanisms. Haider et al. provide a topographic map of the frequency with which different brain regions are affected by these processes, and show that demyelination and neurodegeneration involve inflammatory as well as vascular changes.Multiple sclerosis is characterized by widespread primary demyelination and progressive degeneration, driven by heterogeneous mechanisms. Haider et al. provide a topographic map of the frequency with which different brain regions are affected by these processes, and show that demyelination and neurodegeneration involve inflammatory as well as vascular changes.Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease with primary demyelination and neurodegeneration in the central nervous system. In our study we analysed demyelination and neurodegeneration in a large series of multiple sclerosis brains and provide a map that displays the frequency of different brain areas to be affected by these processes. Demyelination in the cerebral cortex was related to inflammatory infiltrates in the meninges, which was pronounced in invaginations of the brain surface (sulci) and possibly promoted by low flow of the cerebrospinal fluid in these areas. Focal demyelinated lesions in the white matter occurred at sites with high venous density and additionally accumulated in watershed areas of low arterial blood supply. Two different patterns of neurodegeneration in the cortex were identified: oxidative injury of cortical neurons and retrograde neurodegeneration due to axonal injury in the white matter. While oxidative injury was related to the inflammatory process in the meninges and pronounced in actively demyelinating cortical lesions, retrograde degeneration was mainly related to demyelinated lesions and axonal loss in the white matter. Our data show that accumulation of lesions and neurodegeneration in the multiple sclerosis brain does not affect all brain regions equally and provides the pathological basis for the selection of brain areas for monitoring regional injury and atrophy development in future magnetic resonance imaging studies.

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CC-BY-NC-Lizenz (4.0)Creative Commons Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell 4.0 International Lizenz