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Tranexamic acid for treatment and prophylaxis of bleeding and hyperfibrinolysis
Verfasser / VerfasserinPabinger, Ingrid ; Fries, Dietmar ; Schöchl, Herbert ; Streif, Werner ; Toller, Wolfgang
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 2017, Jg. 129, H. 9-10, S. 303-316
ErschienenSpringer, 2017
SpracheEnglisch
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)Trauma / Surgery / Bleeding / Hyperfibrinolysis / Tranexamic acid
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubmuw:3-3378 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1007/s00508-017-1194-y 
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 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
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Tranexamic acid for treatment and prophylaxis of bleeding and hyperfibrinolysis [0.62 mb]
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Uncontrolled massive bleeding with subsequent derangement of the coagulation system is a major challenge in the management of both surgical and seriously injured patients. Under physiological conditions activators and inhibitors of coagulation regulate the sensitive balance between clot formation and fibrinolysis. In some cases, excessive and diffuse bleeding is caused by systemic activation of fibrinolysis, i.e. hyperfibrinolysis (HF). Uncontrolled HF is associated with a high mortality. Polytrauma patients and those undergoing surgical procedures involving organs rich in plasminogen proactivators (e.g. liver, kidney, pancreas, uterus and prostate gland) are at a high risk for HF. Antifibrinolytics, such as tranexamic acid (TXA) are used for prophylaxis and treatment of bleeding caused by a local or generalized HF as well as other hemorrhagic conditions. TXA is a synthetic lysine analogue that has been available in Austria since 1966. TXA is of utmost importance in the prevention and treatment of traumatic and perioperative bleeding due to the resulting reduction in perioperative blood loss and blood transfusion requirements. The following article presents the different fields of application of TXA with particular respect to indications and dosages, based on a literature search and on current guidelines.

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CC-BY-Lizenz (4.0)Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Lizenz